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YOUR GUIDE TO CONTRACEPTIVES: THE CERVICAL CAP

A woman can get pregnant if the sperm from a man reaches her ova (eggs) and fertilization takes place. Contraception prevents fertilization from taking place by keeping the sperm and ova apart, preventing implantation from taking place after fertilization or preventing egg production. Contraceptive methods include the cap, combined pill, female condoms, male condoms, contraceptive implant, contraceptive injection, contraceptive patch, diaphragms, intrauterine device (IUD), natural family planning and  progesterone-only pill

WHAT IS THE CERVICAL CAP?
The contraceptive cap has a dome shape and is made up of Latex or Silicone.   It is inserted into the vagina before sex.it comes in different sizes and a nurse/doctor has to examine you to give you the right size. It covers the cervix preventing sperm from getting into the womb. It is used with a spermicide. It is 92-96% effective at preventing pregnancy when used with a spermicide. It is available at government hospitals, health centers and some private clinics. There are no serious health risks associated with the contraceptive cap.

HOW TO USE THE CAP
  • In order to use the cap, you must first consult with your nurse or general practitioner in other to get the right size for you. You will also be taught on how to correctly insert the cap, its usage and storage. In order to make the cap more effective, it is usually used in combination with a spermicide.
  • In order to use the cervical cap, the woman places spermicide inside the groove and the bowl around the outside of the cap. This is inserted into the vagina either by lying on her back or squatting or which other comfortable position. The cap is pressed up against the cervix to ensure it fits properly.  However,after intercourse, it should not be removed until 6 hours has passed and it should not be worn for more than 48 hours.
  • It is removed by using your fingers to pull it downward away from the cervix. After removing it, it can be washed and stored for further use. It can be used for up to a year before replacing it.

ADVANTAGES
  • It is free of hormones that can cause weight gain or be a risk factor for cancers
  • You use it only when you want to have sexual intercourse
DISADVANTAGES
There are no serious health risks associated with the use of cervical caps. However here are some of the disadvantages
  • It doesn't offer full protection against STI’s
  • It is not as effective as other types of contraception
  • The latex and spermicide can cause irritation to some women or their sexual partners
  • It requires prescription from a health practitioner
  • It has an increased risk of certain vaginal infections such as vagina candidiasis
  • The process of insertion and removal may be very disturbing to some women

WHERE CAN YOU GET THE CONTRACEPTIVE CAP?
  • Most government hospitals and health centers
  • Most private hospitals
  • sexual and reproductive health clinics

watch this youtube video on how to use the contraceptive cap

Sources:
NHS Choices
Association of Reproductive Health Professionals
women's health 5019005589930769788

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